Publication Title : Assessment of community resilience to disasters: A case study at Chotto Bighai Union in Patuakhali District, Bangladesh
Publicationed By : Md. Abdur Rahim
Publication Publication Date : 2019-04-04 00:00:00
Publication Online Link : https://sparc.cmb.ac.lk/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/Final-version-of-the-ASCENT-Book-volume-.pdf
Publication Description :
Chotto Bighai Union of Patuakhali District is one of the most disaster prone areas in coastal Bangladesh. The study is conducted to assess major climatic hazards at Chotto Bighai. This study focuses on the assessment of community resilience to disasters. A number of hazards including cyclones, river bank erosion, tidal floods, thunderstorms, heavy rainfall, waterlogging and salinity intrusion were predominant in the study area. The study is designed mainly considering responses and perceptions of respondents. Both primary (Sixty Household Questionnaire Survey, Four Focus Group Discussions, Ten Key Informants Interviews) and secondary data was collected for the research, correlated and interpreted. Interaction between hazards, physical, environmental, social and economic vulnerability is discussed. It reveals that cyclones, river erosion, tidal floods and thunderstorms are major natural hazards in the locality and the risk of cyclone (2.91) is prioritized compared to others existing risks related to the hazards experienced in this area. The community has achieved maximum 39 resilience in heavy rainfall (0.56). Resilience status of this community for waterlogging is (0.76), tidal flood (0.88) and salinity intrusion (0.83) which means that the community has below-average exposure, below-average damage, and average or slightly above-average recovery. The community is susceptible to cyclones (0.97), river bank erosion (0.96) and thunderstorms (1.04). They have achieved minimum levels of resilience in thunderstorms because there is no risk reduction practices available. People have achieved minimum resilience to cyclones due to its high frequency and intensity. The community has managed to reduce risks through indigenous practices and by social bonding. However, to reduce vulnerability and enhance resilience to disasters, proper action should be taken and strengthened in the near future.