Publication Title : External cost induced vulnerabilities from the impact of climate change: A community perception
Publicationed By : Md Nurul Amin
Publication Publication Date : 2011-01-21 00:00:00
Publication Online Link : https://pas.cseas.kyoto-u.ac.jp/activity/HP_SPIRITS/Brahmaputra/data/JAE_ALL/ASFBpdf/9.AFSB5(1)pdf/2.%20Ahmad-Parvez.pdf
Publication Description :
Climate change the recent most menace issues especially for the low lying deltaic country like Bangladesh and have a variety of precarious effect on the livelihood pattern of the selected community. The study shows that due to the consequence of climatic disruption the people in the selected region have faced external cost in economic consideration which affects their income level per year. People’s perception on climate change vulnerabilities for the study area revealed that cyclone and tidal surges are causing most of their external cost. In case of cyclone about 95% of the community people are in food shortage, about 83% are homeless and about 82% of respondent facing the problem of property loss. On the other about 97% of respondent have the vulnerability in their land productivity and facing drinking water crisis from the effect of salinity problem. Most remarkable changes of occupational level in the selected community are in fisheries production and agricultural activities. This significant change is occurred due to the rapid expansion of gher farming in this area and causing behind it for increasing rate of salinity intrusion in their agricultural land and decreasing the production rate. Business sector and livestock’s production is another victim of external cost induced vulnerability from the impact of climate change. Due to the effect of externality the income level of the selected people has been decrease per year. On the based of occupational pattern income level of all sectoral people has been decreasing up to a significant level from their total on year basis.